To date, this emergency appeal, which requests CHF 3,000,000, is funded at 8%. Additional financial contributions are needed to enable the Uganda Red Cross Society in the region, with the support of the IFRC, to continue to respond and provide humanitarian assistance and protection to those on the move.
A. ANALYSIS OF THE SITUATION
Description of the crisis
Fighting in North Kivu and Ituri in the DRC on March 28, 2022 forced people to flee to Uganda through the Bunagana border and settle in Kisoro district. They are mainly children, women and young people.
A day after fighting broke out on July 29, 2022, an estimated 41,027 people (21,154 households) have been received in detention and transit centers Although most asylum seekers are still living in the community of reception, the current estimate is 17,781 people, including 2,196 at the transit center and 15,585 at the detention center.
Despite efforts by the Prime Minister’s Office and UNHCR to get asylum seekers to move to the centers and relocate them, this has yielded little, leaving host communities to compete with refugees with limited essential and social services such as water, health, food and sanitation.
Asylum seekers from eastern DRC-North Kivu entered Uganda through Kitholhu, Karambi and Mpondwe sub-counties in Kasese district on Sunday April 3, 2022. villages of Kisololo, Busigha, Kasinga, Kisebere, Kiraro, etc. in Kasese district.
Out of 3,220 refugees, 1,233 of them were officially registered at the Bwera detention center which was established on April 5, 2022. The rest remained in host communities for fear of being relocated to refugee camps. refugees. Emergency response services were offered to refugees at Bwera Detention Center by response agencies including UNHCR, UNWFP, Office of the Prime Minister (OPM), CAFOMI, Medical Teams International (MTI ), ALIGHT, Uganda Red Cross, ICRC, AIRD, GEDA -Uganda, Kasese Scouts, Uganda Peoples Defense Force (UPDF) and Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) among others.
The situation in the DRC remains unpredictable, 2 weeks ago on July 26, 2022 in North Kivu, attacks were carried out by Mai Mai rebels in the town of Luma in North Kivu and set fire to Luma hospital, killing more than 7 people. This forced asylum seekers to cross into Uganda at Kasinga, Kahuhu Kanyatsi and Kiraro villages in Kitholu sub-county in Bwera where they were housed before being relocated to Nakivale and Rwamwanja settlements. .
On July 26, three killings were also reported in Lhubiriha, DRC, putting Kasese district on high alert to host more refugees, as seen in April 2022.
In March 2022, there was an ADF rebel attack against the inhabitants of Nobili, Njiapande, Kamango and Ituri in the DRC which gradually spread to the areas of the city of Bugando, Gogo, Kitendera, Kikura, Kayanje, Kitemba in the Butalinga border communities in DRC that border Bundibugyo district in Uganda. Since then, there have been intermittent attacks on the people of the DRC characterized by killings, burning of houses and looting of property, among other things forcing people to flee to Uganda through the 21 most porous border points. nearby, mainly Busunga, Bundingoma, Sindla, Kisuba and Nyahuka in Bundibugyo district.
Bundibugyo is currently hosting refugees who entered and refused to be evacuated to the transit center and opted to stay with the host communities citing various reasons that do not favor them in the detention and settlement camps . According to the latest assessments conducted by URCS and DDMC (District Disaster Management Committee), 29,243 refugees have been registered as living in Busunga, Bundingoma, Sindila, Kisuba and Nyahuka sub-counties in the interior of Bundibugyo district.
This has resulted in poor health, hygiene and sanitation practices characterized by open defecation, poor waste disposal, poor management of water sources, lack of food leading to malnutrition among refugee children, safety/security issues, negative environmental impacts, gender and protection.