Counties with the largest percentage drop in population in each state |

For decades, America has seen a decline in native births. Current population projections are not enough to compensate for the acceleration of the mortality curve that will occur with the death of baby boomers. In many communities across the United States, the number of deaths exceeds the number of births, as the baby boomer generation has passed the childbearing age and reached old age. The US Census Bureau estimates that by 2034 the nation, like many other countries, will have more elderly people than children.

The Center for Immigration Statistics found that between 2008 and 2019, native births fell by 2.3 per thousand, while immigrant births fell by 7.1 per thousand. With recent immigration crackdowns and rising life expectancies, many communities may soon have too few residents of childbearing age to replenish the workforce. These areas in the United States report either a stalled rate of population growth or a declining population and an overall increase in the average age of their residents. This leads to a shrinking workforce, which in turn drives down tax revenues, hampering the ability of local and state governments to reinvest in communities and encourage migration. These factors further reduce the workforce.

As times change, the makeup of a community can also change. The factors that can lead to population decline at the county level are many, and some have a more immediate impact than others. The closure of a fundamental industry can make an area less attractive – a city or chain of cities that relies heavily on a manufacturing or auto production plant for employment can become a ghost town when that facility closes. A community that relies heavily on a single employer, such as a military base, will offer few well-paying jobs in the private sector. And if an area doesn’t attract high-income workers, it may lack the amenities one would expect in more developed areas, such as gyms, cafes, parks, quality schools, and retailers. established or large surface. These factors can make the choice between staying local and moving to a bigger market difficult but necessary.

By examining data from the United States Census Bureau’s annual resident population estimates for United States counties for April 1, 2020 through July 1, 2021, released in March 2022, Stacker determined which counties in each state had the most population drop in percentage. For this list, we considered counties and their equivalents. For each state, the county with the largest population decline from 2010 to 2020 was included. There is a caveat: the state of Delaware did not have a single county that showed population decline; the only county that came close was New Castle County, which grew to just over 23,000 during this period. Delaware is therefore absent from this list.

Each state has its growth areas and each has its decline areas. Read on to find out which counties across the country have faced declining populations.

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